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Why Is Sterilisation Significant?

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Sterilisation is the process of removing all traces of bacteria and other germs. It is an important process, which helps to reduce the risk of infection and prevent the spread of infections and illnesses.

Where is sterilisation necessary?

According to World Health Organisation, available at http://www.who.int/en/, sterilisation is used in a variety of different clinical settings, including hospitals, dental surgeries and community health centres, as well as at home, beauty salons and in outlets or places providing food.

Types of Sterilisation

Sterilisation for babies

During their first year of life, babies are at their most vulnerable to viruses, bacteria and parasitic infections, which can lead to anything from a mild attack of thrush to the more serious condition of gastroenteritis. This is an illness similar to food poisoning, which can cause vomiting, and subsequent dehydration. Stephanie Brown in her recent article on Toddlers and Twos (you can read a full article here: http://babyparenting.about.com/od/nutritionandfeeding/f/sterilizebottle.htm) argues that before sterilization was the norm, thousands of infant deaths were caused by this condition.

Sterilisation in the medical field

According to many hygiene specialists, check http://www.gloveclub.co.uk/ for example, sterilisation is very important in the medical industry. Without sterilisation, infections would fly around and thousands of lives would be lost. Sterilisation helps to prevent the development and spread of infection, as well as protecting members of staff working in clinical settings and members of the public.

Sterilisation in the beauty industry

In the beauty salon, sterilisation is not really necessary, this process is only required on instruments entering the body cavity. This procedure is normally used in the medical and dental field. Some salons, however, do use heat to sterilize metal instruments in order to prevent viruses, and diseases

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Methods of sterilisation

Dry heat sterilisation– process is accomplished by conduction. Heat is absorbed by exterior surface of the item and passes inward creating a uniform temperature and a sterile condition. Coagulation of proteins causes the death of microbes.
Chemical sterilisation- ethylene penetrates through paper, cloth, plastic and can kill all known viruses, bacteria, fungi and even spores. Ozone has the ability of oxidizing most organic matter.
Radiation sterilisation- process is known for a very high penetrating power which is very effective in killing microbes.
Sterile filtration- this is a method of removing bacteria which may be used when other methods are not suitable. In summary, sterilisation plays an important role in keeping tools and instruments safe for use.

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